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Tax Facts - Income Tax

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Income tax is levied on taxable income. Taxable income is calculated by using the following formula; assessable income less any allowable deductions. Deductions include such things as wages, the cost of stock, rent, bad debts, and previous year losses.

 

Sole traders are not required to complete a separate return for their business – they use their personal income tax return to report their business income and deductions. Partnerships complete a Partnership Tax Return to show the partnership’s income and deductions, and how the profit or loss was shared among the partners. Companies complete a Company Tax Return to calculate the income tax the company should pay.

 

Sole Trader:
Income tax is calculated on taxable income, which is the person’s assessable income less any allowable deductions.

 

Resident Tax Rates 2005-06:

Taxable Income Tax on this income
$0 – $6,000 Nil
$6,001 – $21,600 15c for each $1 over $6,000
$21,601 - $63,000 $2,340 plus 30c for each $1 over $21,600
$63,001 – $95,000 $14,760 plus 42c for each $1 over $63,000
Over $95,000 $28,200 plus 47c for each $1 over $95,000

Resident Tax Rates 2006-07:

Taxable Income Tax on this income
$0 – $6,000 Nil
$6,001 – $25,000 15c for each $1 over $6,000
$25,001 - $75,000 $2,850 plus 30c for each $1 over $25,000
$75,001 – $150,000 $17,850 plus 40c for each $1 over $75,000
Over $150,000 $47,850 plus 45c for each $1 over $150,000

Note: These rates do not include the Medicare levy of 1.5%. Please see Medicare levy at the ATO website.

Non-Resident Tax Rates 2005-06

Taxable Income Tax on this income
$0 – $21,600 29c for each $1
$21,601 – $63,000 $6,264 plus 30c for each $1 over $21, 600
$63,001 - $95,000 $18,684 plus 42c for each $1 over $63,000
Over $95,000 $32,124 plus 47c for each $1 over $95,000

Non-Resident Tax Rates 2006-07

Taxable Income Tax on this income
$0 – $25,000 29c for each $1
$25,001 – $75,000 $7,250 plus 30c for each $1 over $25,000
$75,001 - $150,000 $22,250 plus 40c for each $1 over $75,000
Over $150,000 $52,250 plus 45c for each $1 over $150,000

 

Note: Non-residents are not required to pay the Medicare levy.

 

For more information about Sole Trader Income Tax please see the Tax Pack information at the ATO website.

 

Partnership:

A partnership that is carrying on a business must show in a Partnership Tax Return all its income earned and deductions claimed for expenses in the course of carrying on business.


Each partner pays tax on their share of the partnership’s income, and thus must include their individual share of the net partnership profit or loss in their personal tax return.


Partnership and Trust 2006 Tax Return instructions are available at the ATO website.

 

Company:

A company is a distinct legal entity, with its own income tax liability, and must complete a Company Tax Return. A company’s income tax is calculated as a percentage of the taxable income the company earned during the financial year. The company tax rate is 30 percent.

 

Company 2006 Tax Return Instructions are available at the ATO website.
 

For further information see the ATO website.

 

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